However, this energy burst is thankfully not continuous. Arkansas. This large creature is famous for having an odor that resembles popcorn. Breaking Down Exotic Animal Laws by State. They are extremely fast and excitable. While fennecs are omnivorous, it is often stated that they need higher levels of taurine in their diets like cats; therefore many are fed cat food. Source: North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission. Its name comes from the Berber-Arabic word (fanak), which means fox. Foxes are considered to be ‘non-traditional livestock’. Fennec fox kits are placed into homes at a young age to allow proper bonding. However, the state allows individual municipalities to make rules about a pit bull's keeping and care. This law is part of WAC 220-450-030, which states that taking from the wild, importation, possession, transfer, and holding in captivity of live wildlife is unlawful. Kansas Administrative Regulation 115-20-3 The Kansas administration regulation 115-20-3 states that anyone can own an exotic pet provided the pet has been acquired in a legal … They are hunted for their fur by indigenous people. There aren’t many places to buy foxes, and there are some well-known breeders in Indiana, Texas, and Ohio. Each baby comes with feeding supplies and a sample of food. But not so fast; before considering adding this tiny fox to your household, be sure that you understand what you’re getting into. For foxes, the enclosure must be a minmum of 8 feet by 6 feet by 6 feet high for a single animal (more if there will be more than one animal). Large carnivores like lions, tigers, and bears are illegal to own, as are apes, baboons, and … Some states fennec foxes may be legal to keep in. The tail has a black tip and is 18-31 cm long, while the ears can be up to 10-15 cm in length. A quick search of fennec fox videos on Youtube shows just how energetic and noisy they can be. “Fennec fox not happy with her collar” by eileenmak is licensed under CC BY 2.0. With an animal that is so high energy, enough room to perform species-specific behaviors is a must. Permit Required: No, except for vet certificate for imports. Please contact the agency listed in the law to request more information about that law. The animals listed below are examples of the exotic species regulated under Georgia Law. Having a fox as a pet is allowed in Michigan, Maine, Indiana, Arkansas (all species), Illinois, Mississippi, Nebraska, Ohio, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming (only local grey & red foxes), Delaware, Florida, Illinois, Louisiana, Missouri, New York (only fennec foxes), North Carolina, North Dakota, South Dakota, Tennessee, and Utah (only red foxes). Be realistic about what to expect from an animal that is a fox species, not a pet selectively-bred by humans to be unusually docile and adaptable to typical pet-keeping practices. First, if you’re considering a fennec fox as a pet, check quickly to make sure whether it’s legal to do so in your area. The fennec fox, or fennec (Vulpes zerda), is a small crepuscular fox found in the Sahara of North Africa, the Sinai Peninsula, South East Israel (Arava desert) and the Arabian desert.Its most distinctive feature is its unusually large ears, which also serve to dissipate heat. This state requires a Captive Wildlife Permit for grey and red foxes. However, aside from this, Indiana is considered to be a relatively ‘exotic pet friendly’ state. This might mean they are legal without a permit. Unfortunately, one can never know for sure because animal laws frequently change and information becomes outdated, so you must call your state’s Department of Fish and Game yourself or find a reliable owner to help you. So although they are foxes, these little guys measure in way under the normal weight range.One of the most distinguished features that Fennec foxes are known for is their rather large ears. Source: Oklahoma Administrative Code and Register. These thirteen animals are illegal to own as pets: Elk Some numbers: Approximately 14 states allow the private possession of red foxes. States where you can legally own a fox: Arkansas, Florida, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, Missouri, Nebraska, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Utah, Tennessee, and Wyoming. Red foxes only require an importation permit. There is some confusion that red foxes are legal in New York, but they aren’t. It is illegal to possess wild animals in Washington. They are omnivorous, consuming small animals, insects, plants and eggs. After doing your research, check out if the laws allow you to have one then you are free to get your own cute little fox. The permit appears to be available to the general public, and also includes owners who’ve owned the animals before the rule was enacted (no grandfather clause). Some states ban them outright. In a small number of states, certain fox species are legal as pets, although most officials will try to discourage it. Exotic foxes such as fennec foxes appear to be legal without a permit requirement, but they must have a health certificate if imported from out of state. Unfortunately, animals in the fox family are commonly banned in most states because wild, native foxes are rabies vectors and there are no approved rabies vaccines for them. In order ensure that a fox is legal to own where you live, you must do your own research by calling state officials. Exotic pet laws change constantly, and just because something is legal in your state doesn’t mean it is legal in your city, town, or even neighborhood association. North Carolina (technically, but ordinance’s language is vague and can be re-interpreted). Particularly when their owners come home, they will squeal with delight. You are unlikely to secure any food sources that a fennec fox will find in the wild, so the logic of a ‘natural’ diet doesn’t make much sense. The chances you may be able to care for a pet fox depend on the breed and where you live. Unfortunately, legal exotic pet ownership is on the decline because it receives little support or cultural acceptance. Never expect exotic pets to be consistent with litter box use, if they use it at all, but some individuals are better than others. Some states don’t even list them at all. New York statutes list the fennec fox as a companion animal. When you apply for this permit, and inspection of the enclosure will be made to ensure it meets the proper specifications. As a relatively new type of exotic pet, fennec foxes are a mixed bag when it comes to the laws: Some states allow them without permits. Laws vary from state to state, but some states also require permits for anyone wishing to keep (not necessarily breed) a Fennec Fox on their property. They are often touted as one of the ‘easier’ exotic pets to maintain as a house pet, as they are seen as clean and can be kept in a relatively small enclosure. This license costs $25. With strict California laws if a residence is found to own a fennec fox the state kills the small cuddly creature. Fennec foxes come from the Sahara of North Africa and are nocturnal. Unfortunately, this permit only allows the holder to obtain the animal from within the state from a breeder who holds a wildlife breeders permit, and apparently there are no breeders in the state. However, the (current at that time in 2017) state veterinarian has confirmed to one caller that this pertains to native foxes (red, grey) and not exotic foxes like fennec foxes. This probably means that exotic foxes are legal without a permit. Non-native foxes, such as Fennec Foxes and Arctic Foxes, are legal to own in the state of Tennessee without a permit. Whether or not this permit is distributed to pet owners is unclear, therefore they might not technically be legal. Laws About Keeping a Fennec Fox as a Pet. "Fennec Fox" by Marit & Toomas Hinnosaar is licensed under CC BY 2.0. Some states were inconclusive because they may allow foxes with a permit but this permit has been said to be difficult or impossible for a ‘pet owner’ to get. All fox species require a Possession permit which costs $10 an animal to a maximum of $100. The cost of the application is $45. There is conflicting information about Missouri from different sources. We have Fennec Foxes for sale in Texas and can arrange transportation for out of state homes! About 5,000 tigers live in legal captivity in more … Native foxes, except for the red fox, require a permit (Chapter 10) to import and possess from the Department. Fennecs can also accept pet-friendly fruits and vegetables. Live-Animal Transportation Information Airline shipping is available to … Source: Ohio Department of Natural Resources Division of Wildlife, Permit Required: All species except fennec foxes. Furthermore, the state health department has instituted a rabies quarantine on foxes. State officials will determine if your enclosure is adequate for the species being applied for. The license costs $10 and needs to be renewed annually. Foxes must be purchased from USDA-licensed facilities. You may be able to get a permit if you do exhibition at a library, school, media, ect. Sometimes people feed live mice, but this is utterly unnecessary and not a humane option. Some owners report that their pet fennec foxes will use a litter box, but most say their use of these receptacles are sporadic at best, and the foxes will think nothing of depositing droppings during cage outings. In this article a pet owner is NOT a USDA-licensed facility that does exhibition or educational work. States including Florida, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan and Texas require either a permit or health certificate for fennec foxes. Source: South Dakota Department of Agriculture. The fennec fox is native to North Africa but is no stranger to California. However, this permit is easily obtainable, and exotic pet ownership is more popular in the state as a result. I have met other people that also want fennec foxes to be legal in Washingt Others make foxes legal to own in the state but illegal to import, and with no breeders in the state, this is the same thing as banning them. Binturong. Source: Kentucky Legislative Research Commission. A noncommercial wildlife breeder’s license is needed for native fox species and presumably other species except the fennec fox, which requires no permits to keep. While foxes are technically legal in Kentucky, the foxes in the following genus are illegal to import, making them impossible to obtain since there are no breeders in the state: Vulpes spp. ; Alopex lagopus; Urocyon cinereoargenteus. Many animals are illegal to own, transport, and import into Washington State. For non-native fox species, proof that they were legally obtained and a health certificate issued by an accredited veterinarian is required, which is reasonable. These are playful animals that enjoy interacting with their ownrs, which is not something you will always get with non-traditional pets. Sometimes exotics are offered for sale online, but it is illegal for anyone without a USDA license to sell them. California has a state law against singling out the breed as vicious or dangerous to prevent ownership. They are adapted to living in a low-water environment, consuming the majority of their water intake from plants. Be sure to read your state’s laws before getting any breed of the fox as a pet. Looking for information on fennec foxes as pets or where to find them for sale? Non-native foxes are Class 3 animals and only require an import permit if being imported from out of state. Like many states, the two species of fox that are native to the United States, the red and grey fox, require a permit for possession. The majority of tigers live as pets, not in the wild. This includes all the fox species that are available in the pet trade with the exception of the bat-eared fox (Otocyon megalotis). There are several state agencies that regulate animal ownership. The so-called Russian domesticated foxes are extremely rare in the U.S. (only a handful of individuals exist in North America) and can only be imported from Russia (they will be spayed or neutered). 1975. These facilities (sometimes this is a person’s house) often can get permits in most states. They are also legal in: Ohio, Florida, Wisconsin, Arkansas, and Michigan, and there are likely to be others. Therefore, exercise caution. Before even considering a pet fennec fox, you’ll want to ensure the species is legal in your state. Kansas has exotic animal pet laws in place to protect these exotic pets, the local ecosystem and the society in which the pet exists. Before buying a fox, finding out your local laws is the first step before doing essential research to determine if a fox would make a good pet for you. Native foxes (reds and grays) are illegal to own as pets in the state of Tennessee. These Chihuahua-sized canids are becoming increasingly popular exotic animals that people seek to own, and for good reason. In the United States of America, Fennec foxes are legal in every state except Missouri, Minnesota, Nevada, Washington, and a few other states including Idaho and Georgia. Some states fennec foxes may be legal to keep in, “Fennec Fox” by Andy Hay is licensed under CC BY 2.0. This outlier may technically be legal to import due to a loophole, which means obtaining this animal would almost certainly invite the interest of state officials. Plus, some local laws might conflict with state laws, so be sure to … It is unknown if this applies to foxes in Category 2. but you will be subjected to yearly inspections. Many states’ regulations have been unchanged for years, however, it is not impossible for any of the below information to be incorrect, therefore if there is any confusion about the legality of an animal that you are serious about obtaining, you may need to verify that information by calling the proper governing bodies. Simply ask for the written laws pertaining to the ownership of exotic pets. Each household is only allowed up to 6 native wild animals (foxes, squirrels, raccoons, and some other species). Such vaccine-development requires expensive research that has only been conducted for the most typical pet species (dogs, cats, and ferrets) and farm animals. ** A reasonable recommendation for caging are two attached Ferret Nation cages or something similarly-sized, but bigger is of course better and will make caring for the fox easier. Source: Arkansas Game and Fish Commission. Approximately 13 states allow the private possession of fennec foxes. **No person, firm, corporation, partnership, or association, shall transport within the state, any member of the above-stated species (whether such member originated within or without the state), except for properly licensed game-breeders pursuant to Section 9-11-31, Code of Ala. Summary of Law: Persons possessing restricted wildlife must obtain a wildlife holding permit to lawfully possess the animal. Exotic foxes are not legal to possess due to environmental concerns. You’re not alone. Pet owners used to be allowed to own domesticated foxes in Virginia due to a loophole that was meant to make it legal for fur farmers, but this was reversed in 2017. Laws about owning a fennec fox vary widely depending on the jurisdiction. Owning a Fennec fox as a … Source: Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Species allowed: All (if permit is given to pet owners). What is known is that a permit (wildlife hobby permit) can be given for native species of fox (they fall under Class 1 Wildlife), which are red and grey foxes. I have always wanted a fennec fox and was planning on getting one until I did some research and found out that they are not legal in Washington state. For example, Fennec foxes are illegal as pets in California. In addition, check your local municipalities, home owner associations, and landlord policies, as these can also affect fennec fox legality. New York specifically excludes them from the definition of a "wild" animal. Approximately only 15 states allow some type of fox with or without a permit. They are legal in Pennsylvania and Nebraska as pets though. Still, because of the wording of the ordinance, the status of this law could be challenged should a new state veterinarian re-interpret it. Arkansas; Indiana; Michigan; Nebraska; New York; North Carolina (technically, but ordinance’s language is vague and can be re-interpreted) Ohio; Oklahoma; Tennessee; Montana; Wyoming; New Mexico; Florida (with obtainable class 3 permit) “Fennec Fox” by Andy Hay is licensed under CC BY 2.0 A high quality commercial diet will ensure that your pet is getting a nutritionally balanced meal. They also lack the potent scent glands that are common in so many animals. Those with a USDA license will be subject to unannounced, periodic inspections from the USDA’s Animal and Plant Inspection Service (APHIS). In addition, to import any fox from out-of-state, you will be required to obtain a one-time importation permit, presumably this is given to pet owners for the cost of $25. This state may or may not allow foxes. Others make foxes legal to own in the state but illegal to import, and with no breeders in the state, this is the same thing as banning them. A good cage will ensure the comfort of your pet and will encourage a positive relationship between the two of you. Since fennecs are not really domesticated, many owners feel they should feed them a diet similar to what they would get in the wild. Source: Missouri Department of Conservation. The Department of Conservation’s website states in relation to exotic foxes: “Other state and federal agencies have regulations regarding nonnative foxes.” The DOC does not regulate non-native foxes, but provides no information on other possible governing bodies that do. Approximately 13 states allow the private possession of fennec foxes. Most parts of the United States have some regulations regarding fennecs—from outright bans to simply requiring a permit. Also, these foxes cannot come inside the house, they can only be maintained in outdoor enclosures. Most of the time fennec foxes are sleeping, similarly to cats. Exotic foxes, such as the arctic, fennec, swift, and bat-eared fox can be owned without a permit. Source: New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, "Red Fox Pup(s) Morro Bay, CA 28 May 2008" by mikebaird is licensed under CC BY 2.0. Also called a … This list is as inclusive as possible for states that allow any species of fox. Licensed breeders are aloud to house the pet but have trouble selling to a open market inside California. Many states allow them, but not Pennsylvania, California or Alaska. Fennec foxes are legal in many more states than foxes (red, silver, arctic) and wolves. Others are regulated and controlled with permits; however this is rarely, if ever, given to private pet owners. Additionally, state laws are frequently changing as concerns for public safety and animal wellbeing develop further, so you should always double check to see if there is any new or proposed state or local legislation. This means raw meat, feeder insects, fresh vegetables, and rodents. Different Breeds of Pet Foxes. The only legal species of fox is the red fox (Vulpes vulpes). The list includes the states of Idaho, North Carolina, Wisconsin, and Utah. When I found out that they're not legal I was crushed. The Sunshine state has a requirement for a Class 3 Wildlife license to own any defined Class 3 exotic animal, which includes foxes. Still, being foxes, don’t expect to grab them and cuddle them as some common domesticated animals will allow. There are many fennec fox owners in North Carolina that claim they’ve had no problems. One former fox owner claimed that exotic foxes are legal and don’t require a permit, but several sources (with no references cited) claim exotic species like fennecs and arctic foxes aren’t legal. The cost of the permit is $33 and it is only for animals that are captive-bred. Answer: No foxes are legal in California. The animals must be captive-bred, not taken from the wild. Source: Indiana Department of Natural Resources. The legal jargon: Sec. I even considered moving to another state where they are legal, but then I found this and decided to start a petition. You’ll also want to use a breeder that will give you honest information on how to care for the animal and what it’s like. This might be more difficult than it sounds to achieve daily. That status of non-native fox legality is unclear. “It is not legal to keep fur-bearing animals (fox, otter, raccoon, opossum, skunk, etc.) Owners of animals in ‘Category 2’ require a non-traditional livestock license. These states have rules and regulations that strictly detain anyone from owning one of these creatures. It is also specified that some Category 2 species require a Permit to Possess, Propagate, or Domesticate from the North Dakota Game and Fish Department, which is distributed from the Animal Health Division of the North Dakota Department of Agriculture. Approximately 11 states require permits for the possession of at least one fox species that it allows. Two native fox species, red and grey foxes, cannot be imported from the following states and countries: Alaska, Arizona, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Texas, Vermont, Wisconsin, Wyoming or Canada. Can you own a fox in Texas? Fennec foxes are the only species of fox legal in New York State because fennec fox owners got into contact with lawmakers and brought their pets in to sway this decision. The Department should be consulted before any exotic animals which are not normally domesticated in Georgia are acquired. It is not known how obtainable these permits are. Hybrids or crosses between any combination of domestic animals, wildlife, or regulated wild animals and all subsequent generations are regulated in Georgia and may not be held … No North Carolina natives. The following information was gathered through the use of several resources with the hopes of finding the most current laws (this information was collected in November, 2018). Jerboas as Pets: Feeding, Housing, and Personality, Lion Attack Should Not Change North Carolina's Exotic Animal Laws. You will also need an importation permit if the animal is being imported from out of state. Approximately 14 states allow the private possession of red foxes. Luckily, being desert animals, fennec foxes have relatively dry droppings that are easy to clean, and less urine. Species allowed: All, but only obtained within the state. Their large ears aid in thermoregulation and are also sensitive to detect prey underground. This leaves a limited number of places where the fox can be obtained. Raw or cooked meat, eggs, and frozen feeder mice can be added to supplement the diet and provide enrichment. Fortunately, many fox owners get this cuddly down time with their animals at some point, once they calm down. You can encourage foxes to go in one area with positive reinforcement, or just place a litter box where they tend to go most often. Foxes. Our babies do not come de-clawed or de-fanged. The most commonly available domesticated foxes are those which originate from the fur trade. Species allowed: Exotic foxes only. Some states appear to allow foxes with permits that they will not give you, such as Maine and Delaware. Fennec foxes are slightly more adaptable to domestic conditions than other uncommon exotic mammals, and you can ‘get away’ with somewhat small housing, such as a foldable, standard-sized cat cage. With exotics, it’s always best to let them come to you. Fennec fox has the largest ears in fox family so their hearing sensitivity is one of their most important tools when they are hunting for food. This state is highly unusual in its permitting of all fox species, including those that have been captured from the wild. Most people think that foxes belong in a zoo or in the wild, and this sentiment often contributes to states, cities, and towns pushing to ban alternative pets. Jerboas as Pets: Feeding, Housing, and Personality, Lion Attack Should Not Change North Carolina's Exotic Animal Laws, A kit fox rests on a rock Renne Grayson CC BY-2.0 Via Flickr. Category 2: Kit of swift fox, red fox, grey fox. Still, one must be careful not to invite consternation at the thought of someone trying to obtain a ‘dangerous wild animal’ that might lead to a ban where there previously wasn’t one. See this article for more information about the laws regarding owning native wildlife as pets in the state … 3.25. as pets in Texas regardless of where they came from. Approximately 11 states require permits for the possession of at least one fox species that it allows. Some states allow them with permits, but the local municipality does not. You must acquire a Permit To Hold Game In Captivity (PR1350) in order to possess grey and all color phases of red foxes. Here is a list of some states where fennec foxes (not all foxes) are probably legal for average people to own without a special license or exhibitor permit. Technically, North Carolina’s ordinance states that a ‘fox’ will require a permit (that is not given to pet owners). There is however, a catch. You will likely need to use a breeder that won’t be located near you so shipping with an Airline will be a necessity, unless you are willing to drive out to pick up your kit (this is recommended if possible). To get this permit, certain enclosure specifications and other rules apply. This includes security, next boxes, shade, bedding, ect. Photos of the enclosure may also be accepted. https://didyouknowpets.com/exotic-pets-that-are-legal-to-own Native foxes (reds and greys) are Class 2 animals that require a permit which is reportedly distributed to pet owners. People feed their fennec foxes various diets. Species that are native to the United States often have different rules than exotic foxes. The catch to a small cage is that the fox must have ample time to come out to play and burn off energy. The fennec fox weighs 0.68-1.59 kg in average, body length is 24-41 cm, and their height is around 20.3 cm. So Here I have mentioned four Different Breeds of Pet Foxes: Pet Fennec Foxes Ranch-raised foxes are ‘domesticated’ forms of red foxes. Obviously, fennec foxes and other animals should be purchased from a licensed and reputable breeder. Source: North Dakota Department of Agriculture, All fox species (presumably) appear to require a "Noncommercial propagating license" because they are considered to be ‘fur-bearing animals’. This is mostly due to a bias against ‘unusual’ animals being kept as pets and the perception that owning anything other than a dog or cat is “unnecessary”. Fennec foxes are legal in several states throughout America. However, a permit is not needed to own a fennec fox (Vulpes zerda). Four states, including Minnesota, Missouri, Nevada, and Washington ban fennec foxes altogether, while Florida, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Texas require a … Wild Animal Law. If your state is not on this list it’s likely that a fox species is not legal and to find out otherwise will require firm confirmation from a state official. Exotic foxes are not mentioned, so likely aren’t regulated by this department. Like cats, they will have an independent and aloof personality, as well as skittishness.
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